Project Description

Snapper, Grouper, and other demersal FIP





Malabar blood snapper (Lutjanus malabaricus)

Crimson snapper (Lutjanus erythropterus)

Goldband snapper (Pristipomoides multidens)

Duskytail grouper (Epinephelus bleekeri)

Dot-dash grouper (Epinephelus poecilonotus)

Greasy grouper (Epinephelus tauvina)

Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)

Mahi-Mahi (Coryphaena hippurus)

FIP Scope/Scale: Fishery level
Fishing gear: Bottom
Fishery Location: Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas
FIP formed:  May 2012
FIP Stage : 4 (FIP is delivering improvement in policies or practices)

Profile of fishery and


FIP Participants

PT Intan Seafood

North Atlantic Inc.

Hilo Fish

PT Karya Samudera

PT Jala Karya Mandiri

Quirch Food

Snapper- grouper and other demersal FIP in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas

The Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas  snapper, grouper, and other demersal FIP was initiated by Sustainable Fisheries Partership (SFP) , which facilitated the establishment of FIP in May 2012. The FIP continue making a progress and being reported in SFP website.


FIP Goal and Objectives:

Goal: To ensure the long-term sustainability of the snapper, grouper, and other demersal fishery to support the livelihoods of fishers, and the long-term supply for the fishing industry.


  1. To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of snapper, grouper, and other demersal products purchased are well-known, and are all coming from legal fisheries by engaging the supply chains.
  2. Improve the harvest data recording through logbooks to support the development of the fisheries management plan in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas.

Improvement Recommendations:

  • Promote traceability to ensure that the origin and status of snapper products are well-known and all products source from legal fisheries.
  • Support research to define stock status of Indonesian snapper and improve the availability of accurate data and the use of logbook.
  • Support the government to improve management and policies encouraging sustainable snapper and -grouper and other demersal fisheries.



The distribution of snapper (kakap merah) and grouper (kerapu) in Indonesia covers the vast area of the archipelago, with the Eastern Timor Sea, Aru and the Arafura Seas being the major fishing grounds for snapper and deeper water grouper species. Data from the Indonesian Capture Fisheries Statistics show that in 2007, kakapmerah from these waters contributed to more than 30% of the total catch, with 35,112 metric tonnes being landed (MMAF 2009). The total landing of snapper in Indonesia was 116,994 metric tonnesin 2007. The other important fishing grounds for snapper are in the Karimata Strait, the Natuna Sea, and the South China Sea, which contributed 13.9% of the total catch, followed by Tolo Bay and the Banda Sea (11.8%), Java Sea (10.5%) and the Makassar Strait, Bone Bay, the Flores Sea and the Bali Sea (8.1%).


Snappers, grouper, and other demersal are the target fisheries for traditional, small-scale and to semi-industrial fisheries. The traditional fishery is a one day fishing trip, while the small-scale to semi industrial fisheries fish for days to weeks, and target other demersal species.

Key problems/issues:

The main challenges to this fishery include:

  • A comprehensive nationwide biological stock assessment for snapper (Lutjanusspp.)and grouper (Serranidae) are not available. Therefore, the status of snapper and grouper populations in Indonesia cannot be determined against the biological reference points. It is difficult to improve the fishery management without knowing the status and condition of the fish stock.
  • Data on the artisanal snapper, grouper, and other demersal fisheries are lacking.
  • Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a major issue in the Timor and Arafura Seas.
  • Trawls used in the wide shallow shelf of the Arafura Sea catch juveniles snappers and groupers species as well as other species..

Fishing methods and gear

The catches of snappers, groupers, and other demersal in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas are part of  multifisheries and multi gear fishing operations by the artisanal/small scale and semi industrial fisheries, which target snapper, grouper, as well as other demersal fishery.

The types of fishing gear currently being used for snapper are Drop/hand Line (DL), Bottom Long Line (BLL), Bottom Gillnet, Bottom trawls, and Traps.

Progress update


On July 16, FIP participants, companies interested in FIP, scientists, and government officials were invited by SFP to attend the Indonesian Snapper Supplier Roundtable in Surabaya. The snapper supplier roundtable provided a venue for industries to receive updates on FIP implementation (the progress and challenges) and to get guidance from the government regarding data and information management to support fisheries resource management.

On September 30, FIP participants together with the staff from the Fisheries District Office of Probolinggo and the Head of Sub-directorate of Evaluation of Fishery Resource Management, Directorate of Fishery ResourcesJakarta office reviewed data collection for the logbook. The meeting was attended by SFP, the captains of bottom longline vessels that catch snapper in the Arafura, Aru, and Timor Seas and representative from companies participated in FIP. The meeting took place in the Fishing Port in Probolinggo, East Java (where all the snapper bottom longliners land their catches).



On 17 March, FIP leader PT. Inti Lautan Fajar Abadi (formerly PT Ilufa) presented the FIP’s progress, lessons learned, and next steps during the Indonesian Fisheries Meeting hosted by MMAF and SFP in Boston at the Seafood Expo North America.

FIP participants organized a FIP meeting on 18 March in Boston (PT. Inti Lautan Fajar Abadi, North Atlantic, and Hilo Fish) to discuss the FIP’s 2014 workplan, budget, and leadership transition process. As of April 2014, Fisheries Improvement Indonesia asssumed a project leadership position and agreed to host the FIP Public Report.

An observer from the Directorate General of capture Fisheries, MMAF has been onboard KM. Setia Indah, one of bottom longline vessels member of FIP,  from May 9 for 50 days at sea.

In September, there are 3 National observers onboard bottom longline vessels.
Continue support the Government enumerators to record catch at the landing site in Probolinggo Mayangan harbour.



January – June

Attended FIP consultation meeting with the staff of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) to discuss 2014 catch data recording. General feedback received from the MMAF to state that  data recording has been improved.

FIP sent a letter to the MMAF to request a report from the observers onboard during 2014. To date report has not been received, and another letter is planned to be submitted.

The program on the improved traceability and pilot project on e-logbook has started to be implemented, activities include: 1) e-logbook developer visited and conduct scoping for installaton and plant software modification at the facility of PT Inti Lautan Fajar Abadi; 2) Fish segregation plan for fish on catcher and collecting vessel developed; 3) The plan will be reviewed and to seek feedback from vessel captains on the practicality of the plan.

Meeting with MMAF in Jakarta to present the program has been held at the MAAF office in June. The objective of the meeting was to seek advise for e-logbook with the intention to integrate with gov’t system.

July – December

  • Two FIP vessels  KM Cemerlang 12 and KM Samudra Indah  participated in the trial of E-log book  system since August. The vessel Captain  entry the catch data daily in the laptop onboard, and transmiiting the data to FIP Head Quarter in Pasuruan, east Java.  The main challenge in the implementation of the e-logbook is the satellite telephone connection, which often has very poor quality.
  • The bottom longline Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas snapper fisheries are multi-species.  Where the catch not only include snapper and grouper,  but also other demersal fisheries. Starting October,  the recording of the production data will include sweetlips, emperor and parrotfish.
  • The FIP will expand to small scale snapper fishery in Java Sea and the pre FIP has started with the information gathering including catch composition and production.



January – June

In 2016, PT Intan Seafood and P.T. Permata Marindo Jaya will be joining forces under the “Supporting the Future of Indonesian Fisheries” logo. These two companies working together cover a wide range of species in both the demeral and pelagic categories. This will allow our FIP to organize traceable data on more species in preparation for eventual stock assessment. There are synergisms to be mined by combining the resources, catch data, and traceability expertise of our companies. We will work toward incorporating traceability in our supply chains over the coming year.

In addition to the large vessel Elog pilot undergoing implementation at P.T. Intan Seafood we will be broadening our traceability pilot to include small vessels as well. We will be expanding the small vessels tracking system using tracking devices from Pelagic Data Systems to two small vessel supply areas. Vessels in Brondong and Situbondo Indonesia will receive  tracking devices and the data stream will be monitored by our FIP partners and P.T. Bali Seafood. BSI already has a small vessel traceability pilot on the island of Sumbawa and will assist the expanded FIP is using the data and expanding the Brondung and Situbudo pilots over time.

These are exciting developments for this combined FIP and support our belief that traceability will continue to grow in importance as a fundamental element in fisheries management.


Click here for detailed Workplan

Click here for a detailed FIP progress